This kind of remedy is more applicable for hair follicles that have become dormant. Isolating the different types of hair loss that cause this to happen is necessary before discussing this treatment. A basic understanding on how it may be remedied through other methods might also be helpful.
Androgenic alopecia is a genetic form of hair loss that begins with a receding hairline. It is a progressive condition that gradually causes the hair strands to reduce in length and circumference with each passage of the hair growth cycle. It eventually results in the top of the scalp becoming bald.
This is due to a process that begins when testosterone and an enzyme called 5-alpha-reductase combine to produce dihydrotestosterone (DHT). The androgen receptors at the tip of the hair follicles attracts the DHT to fuse with it causing a barrier to the nutrient rich supply of bloodstream. This results in the shrinkage of hair follicles until it gets small enough that it becomes dormant. Finasteride is a known remedy for this because it prevents the union between testosterone and 5-alpha-reductase. Hair transplants can also be used though there needs to be enough hair to cover the bald areas in order for this to have a chance at success.
Alopecia areata is another form of balding though caused by different circumstances. Classified as an autoimmune condition, the body sends out white blood cells to attack its own hair follicles mistaking it to be a foreign entity. Its constant aggression likewise causes it to shrink and become dormant. On the scalp, it manifests as circular bald spots that appear sporadically throughout its surface. Minoxidil is the usual treatment for this type of hair loss condition. It helps thicken the hair strands making it appear denser. A scalp micropigmentation (SMP) procedure might be the most appropriate remedy for this condition. It is able to address the current situation as well hedge against any progression to a more severe case. This manifests as alopecia totalis or the loss of hair over the entire scalp.
These are the two balding conditions that result in dormancy of hair follicles. The treatments used to remedy them are among the leading methods used. Note that there has yet to be an exact cure for either.
This is where the use of platelet rich plasma (PRP) comes in. It is a new procedure that hopes to remedy hair loss. It initially began as a facial treatment used to restore the vitality of youthful skin. The method employed helped it earn the nickname “vampire facial” when used on the face, due to how the patient’s blood is applied in the process.
It begins by extracting four syringes of blood to be spun in a centrifugal system in order to separate the plasma from the red blood cells. The patient’s scalp is injected with an anesthetic to prepare it to be treated with a derma roller. This device has micro needles protruding from its surface creating microscopic cuts upon the skin as it rolls along. The purpose of doing this is to stimulate the cells to repair the site of the trauma. A second injection is made, this time containing the platelets harvested to increase the rate of healing upon the skin’s surface. It is also applied topically for good measure.
The PRP process is aimed at activating the dormant hair follicles in the hope of igniting the hair growth cycle once again. Mesenchymal stem cells as well as other elements that help heal and regenerate tissues are extracted from the blood. This is what is used to jumpstart the growth of hair follicles.