Around 2% of the world’s population will develop alopecia areata at some stage in their life. In this blog, we take a closer look at the hair loss condition.

What is alopecia areata?

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune skin disease. It develops when your immune system begins to mistake the hair follicles for foreign cells that could be harmful to your health and attacks them. What triggers this reaction is unknown, however, scientists believe that it may result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

What are the symptoms of alopecia areata?

The main symptom of the condition is round patches of hair loss on the head and body. Hair loss caused by alopecia areata is unpredictable. It can occur suddenly, with shedding happening over just a few days, and may cause single or multiple bald patches. In some cases, the hair will grow back, but it can be permanent.

Who is at risk of alopecia areata?

Alopecia areata can occur in people of any gender and ethnicity, and at any age, but generally develops before 30 years. As mentioned, genetic factors seem to play a role, and a person’s likelihood of having alopecia areata increases if there is a family history of the condition. It is not contagious and cannot be passed on by physical contact.

How is alopecia areata treated?

As yet there is no cure for alopecia areata and the condition’s unpredictable development and progression make it difficult to treat. That said, there are several options that can help to control the condition and support hair regrowth.

  • Minoxidil is a topical medication which can stimulate hair growth when applied directly to the areas of hair loss

  • Low-Level Laser Therapy uses directed laser light frequencies to promote hair and scalp health

  • Nutritional complexes containing zinc and biotin provide the follicles with the nutrients essential for hair growth

For those who have permanent hair loss caused by alopecia, Vinci Hair Clinic’s Micro Scalp Pigmentation offers an innovative solution. Medical-grade pigments are applied to the scalp using a non-surgical technique to simulate shaved hair growth and camouflage the bald patches. The result looks very natural and has already helped many sufferers of this condition to get their confidence back.

Putting the Spotlight on Alopecia Areata