Controversial stem cells are widely discussed in the news these days. The contention refers to embryonic stem cells that are found in the earliest stages of the foetus before implantation on the wall of the womb. Because these cells are not yet committed to any particular function, they carry the potential to fulfil any role they are programmed to do.
However, adult stem cells are used with hair loss clients and act as progenitor cells that repair systems for the body such as replenishing aged adult tissue . They are able to exactly self-replicate. They also contain the programmable qualities of embryonic cells, yet do not inspire the dissension associated with embryonic cells. Adult stem cells have been used to treat leukaemia and related bone or blood cancers with success. Since the cells come from the patient’s own body, there is no chance of rejection.
How do adult stem cells aid in hair loss and hair growth? Working with theories and assuming everything goes as anticipated, here’s what would happen. Stem cells are removed from a client’s healthy hair follicles from the sides and back of the head. These are then implanted into balding or thinning areas of scalp tissue. With luck, they proliferate and form new hair follicles in three separate steps:
1) The stem cells and their progenitor cells travel down the outer root sheath of the hair follicle.
2) when the cells reach the matrix, mitosis ensues and they make final distinctions into the layers that form the structure of the follicle.
3) Some of these cells also travel up the bulbous part of the follicle and become part of the upper skin (epidermis) of the scalp.
as it’s genetically similar to the hairs on the back of the head which are not susceptible to genetic issues.
As this is still new technology, there are potential problems as implied in the above scenario:
1) Viable hair from the sides and back are required. Often women experience genetic female pattern baldness in a diffuse manner, it may be harder to find viable follicles in women.
2) There is always the chance that an implanted follicle stem cell may not flourish and grow.
3) Hair may not grow out at the proper angle, producing a chaotic hair pattern.
4) Stem cells are susceptible to mutation since they grow slowly, and may create tumours. Most experts are hopeful this will not be the case.
Scientists don’t know how the cells are triggered to become matrix material or epidermis material. Yet, when they do get triggered, the cells do seem to specialize to produce a healthy new follicle . And this is just what balding men and women need to eliminate hair loss and re-grow hair.
Full stem cell treatment of hair loss is still many years away, in fact the hair loss industry has a running joke that such treatment is always only five years off.