What is Trichotillomania?
Trichotillomania is a psychological disorder which causes the sufferer to feel an irresistible urge to pull out their own hair. Some people who have the condition focus on their scalp hair, while others pull out their facial or body hair. The condition is thought to affect around 1% of the world’s population and often begins during childhood. Although it occurs in both sexes, some studies have found it to be most prevalent amongst young women. People who have the condition may be secretive about the behaviour and try to hide it from their loved ones.
What Causes Trichotillomania?
The causes of trichotillomania are not fully understood, but it is believed that both environmental and genetic factors are involved. Some scientists have theorised that it is a type of obsessive-compulsive disorder triggered by chemical imbalances within the body. Other studies have indicated that subtle differences in the areas of the brain that control habitual behaviour could play a role in who develops the condition.
If you think that you, or someone close to you, has trichotillomania, it is important to know that help and support are available. Your doctor will be able to provide a diagnosis and is likely to recommend a combination of psychotherapy and medical treatment to get the condition under control.
Restoring Hair Loss From Trichotillomania
Repetitively pulling out hair can damage the hair follicles and lead to patchy areas of hair loss. Fortunately, there are solutions available to help repair the damage. Vinci Hair Clinic’s Micro Scalp Pigmentation is a non-surgical treatment that can be used to camouflage areas of hair loss. For people who want to wear a buzz-cut hairstyle, it simulates the look of shaved hair growth. Those who prefer to keep their hair long, the technique is adapted to create an effect of improved density. Vinci clinics also offer FUE and FUT hair transplants, which use grafts of your own hair to restore areas of hair loss. Surgical treatment would only be recommended for people whose trichotillomania was under control, as those who are continuing to pull the hair would risk damaging the newly-implanted grafts.